(Open TODOs:)
(Heat Dissipation)
 
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There are several AXIOM Beta enclosure variants, some are finished and available and some are still in development. The AXIOM Beta Developer Kit (ABDK) has a skeleton framework instead of an enclosure allowing easy access to the electronics but at the same time providing a strong and solid link between hardware, lens mount and tripod mount base. This is great for developers and in lab conditions and there are several sub-projects that focus on adding a protective enclosure (shell) around this skeleton.
 
There are several AXIOM Beta enclosure variants, some are finished and available and some are still in development. The AXIOM Beta Developer Kit (ABDK) has a skeleton framework instead of an enclosure allowing easy access to the electronics but at the same time providing a strong and solid link between hardware, lens mount and tripod mount base. This is great for developers and in lab conditions and there are several sub-projects that focus on adding a protective enclosure (shell) around this skeleton.
  
==Skeleton Framework==
+
=Distance between Image Sensor and first PCB=
 +
 
 +
'''Note:''' There are two versions of the Image Sensor Frontend with differing image sensor to PCB distances.
 +
 
 +
[https://wiki.apertus.org/index.php/Beta_CMV12K_ZIF_Sensor_Board ZIF option] left, [https://wiki.apertus.org/index.php/Beta_CMV12K_THT_Sensor_Board THT option] right:
 +
 
 +
[[File:Axiom-beta-image-sensor-distances.png | 1150px]]
 +
 
 +
=Skeleton Framework=
 
The AXIOM beta Skeleton frame consists of the following components; Footplate, Skeleton, E-Mount lens tube and M3 threaded rods that hold the PCB Stack in place.  
 
The AXIOM beta Skeleton frame consists of the following components; Footplate, Skeleton, E-Mount lens tube and M3 threaded rods that hold the PCB Stack in place.  
  
Line 13: Line 21:
 
[[File:10-DKSF Stack- ABDK Skeleton Frame.png | 1150px]]
 
[[File:10-DKSF Stack- ABDK Skeleton Frame.png | 1150px]]
  
===Mechanical Assembly===
+
==Mechanical Assembly==
  
 
Skeleton and Footplate are attached to each other with 2x tapered M3x12 - M3x16 screws.
 
Skeleton and Footplate are attached to each other with 2x tapered M3x12 - M3x16 screws.
Line 31: Line 39:
 
See [https://wiki.apertus.org/index.php/20-Screws,_Rods,_Spacers,_Rings_and_Nuts Parts]
 
See [https://wiki.apertus.org/index.php/20-Screws,_Rods,_Spacers,_Rings_and_Nuts Parts]
  
===Dimensions===
+
==Dimensions==
  
 
{| class="wikitable" style="width: 100%;background:#fcfcfc;"
 
{| class="wikitable" style="width: 100%;background:#fcfcfc;"
Line 51: Line 59:
 
|}
 
|}
  
===Simple Enclosure===
+
=Simple Enclosure=
 
The Simple Enclosure provides a basic "skin" around the camera's electronics and CNC milled metal skeleton framework parts. The Simple Enclosure is designed in a way that can be produced with any consumer 3d printer. The design is not finished yet, please help finish and test it.
 
The Simple Enclosure provides a basic "skin" around the camera's electronics and CNC milled metal skeleton framework parts. The Simple Enclosure is designed in a way that can be produced with any consumer 3d printer. The design is not finished yet, please help finish and test it.
  
 
CAD Onshape [https://cad.onshape.com/documents/15b58e5500d917fd327e95ef/w/7ed95a699b599a370a7f55ff/e/f97fa229ef96cd1e6d0c4a40 project].
 
CAD Onshape [https://cad.onshape.com/documents/15b58e5500d917fd327e95ef/w/7ed95a699b599a370a7f55ff/e/f97fa229ef96cd1e6d0c4a40 project].
  
===Transparent Enclosure===
+
=Transparent Enclosure=
A transparent enclosure is useful for demonstrating the camera's printed circuit boards and monitoring of the camera's status LEDs. The design is made so it can be laser-cut with 3mm thick acrylic glass. Acrylic glass comes in many variations and colors and could also be used to print design text on the exterior.
+
A transparent enclosure is useful for demonstrating the camera's printed circuit boards and monitoring of the camera's status LEDs. The design is made so it can be laser-cut with 3mm thick acrylic glass. Acrylic glass comes in many variations and colors and could also be used to print label text on the exterior. The acrylic sheets are designed to be installed around the camera's electronics and CNC milled metal skeleton framework parts.  
  
  
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'''Note:''' There may be scope for improvement by making the case slightly bigger (few mm wider for the front and back side), so that the HDMI cable can fit nicely in the enclosure (and you don't need to shave some plastic off the cable). If you make any alterations please update this page with modifications accordingly.
 
'''Note:''' There may be scope for improvement by making the case slightly bigger (few mm wider for the front and back side), so that the HDMI cable can fit nicely in the enclosure (and you don't need to shave some plastic off the cable). If you make any alterations please update this page with modifications accordingly.
  
 +
The transparent enclosure has been designed for the ZIF (CPU Socket) variant of the Sensor Frontend.
  
 +
==Heat Dissipation==
  
 
+
Tests have shown that this transparent enclosure makes the Zynq on the Microzed prone to overheating (due to a lack of air circulation) which creates general erratic camera behaviour. Other parts in the camera can get too hot as well of course. A newer design with a larger fan on top of the enclosure has shown significant improvements in keeping the Zynq at a constant temperature.
====Distance between Image Sensor and first PCB====
 
 
 
'''Note:''' There are two versions of the Image Sensor Frontend with differing image sensor to PCB distances. The transparent enclosure has been designed for the ZIF (CPU Socket) variant of the Sensor Frontend.
 
 
 
[[File:Axiom-beta-image-sensor-distances.png | 1150px]]
 
 
 
====Heat Dissipation====
 
 
 
Tests have shown that this transparent enclosure makes the Zynq on the microzed prone to overheating (due to a lack of air circulation) which creates general erratic camera behavior. Other parts in the camera can get too hot as well of course. A newer design with a larger fan on top of the enclosure has shown significant improvements in keeping the Zynq at a constant temperature.
 
  
 
"Case" is the above laser cut transparent enclosure<br />
 
"Case" is the above laser cut transparent enclosure<br />
Line 114: Line 115:
 
In a closed case air flow is important and, in this case, ventilating out through holes above the fan is recommended. If you simply put a few 'holes' at the back and have a gap between a fan and the case then hot air will likely circulate inside the case, which is not what you want. Instead, it's good practice to make a 'wind-tunnel' effect, let's say.  
 
In a closed case air flow is important and, in this case, ventilating out through holes above the fan is recommended. If you simply put a few 'holes' at the back and have a gap between a fan and the case then hot air will likely circulate inside the case, which is not what you want. Instead, it's good practice to make a 'wind-tunnel' effect, let's say.  
  
It's also recommended to measure various temperatures on the camera and monitor them during use cases with and without case.
+
It's also recommended to measure various temperatures on the camera and monitor them during use cases with and without case. See [[AXIOM Beta/Temperatures|Temperature Sensors]] for more information.
  
 
To get a reading of Zync temperature:
 
To get a reading of Zync temperature:
Line 131: Line 132:
  
  
The zynq will work relatively fine up to 90°C, although that is a little high for normal use. For the sensor, you want to keep temperature quite low, typically not more than a few degrees above room temperature, so adding holes or slits close to the sensor is a good idea.  
+
The zynq will work relatively fine up to 85°C, although that is a little high for normal use. For the sensor, you want to keep temperature quite low, typically not more than a few degrees above room temperature, so adding holes or slits close to the sensor is a good idea.  
  
 
Always keep in-take holes/slits at the bottom or at least bottom side, because it aids natural convection. As a rule of the thumb, for intake you want to have about 1.5-2x the area you have for the exhaust (in total, which is the inside area of the fan). If you have too little intake, the fan gets slowed down, if you have to much, cooling will be ineffective.
 
Always keep in-take holes/slits at the bottom or at least bottom side, because it aids natural convection. As a rule of the thumb, for intake you want to have about 1.5-2x the area you have for the exhaust (in total, which is the inside area of the fan). If you have too little intake, the fan gets slowed down, if you have to much, cooling will be ineffective.
  
===Transparent/3D Printed Enclosure===
+
=Transparent/3D Printed Enclosure=
  
 
Improved version based on the transparent enclosure (above) whereby some of the enclosure sides are 3D printed instead of being laser cut. It adds a StarTech FAN6X1TX3 60x60x10mm at top of enclosure which solves the above mentioned heat dissipation issues.
 
Improved version based on the transparent enclosure (above) whereby some of the enclosure sides are 3D printed instead of being laser cut. It adds a StarTech FAN6X1TX3 60x60x10mm at top of enclosure which solves the above mentioned heat dissipation issues.
Line 158: Line 159:
 
Download: [[File: Transparent-3d-print-enclosure.zip]]
 
Download: [[File: Transparent-3d-print-enclosure.zip]]
  
===AXIOM Beta Compact Enclosure===
+
=AXIOM Beta Compact Enclosure=
  
 
The AXIOM Beta Compact is designed to be CNC milled from aluminum and then ceramic coated or anodized
 
The AXIOM Beta Compact is designed to be CNC milled from aluminum and then ceramic coated or anodized
Line 176: Line 177:
 
(Onshape is a CAD design software that's entirely browser based - good for collaboration in an open source project. Also they made it free as long as you only need public designs, which are what an open source project is about).  
 
(Onshape is a CAD design software that's entirely browser based - good for collaboration in an open source project. Also they made it free as long as you only need public designs, which are what an open source project is about).  
  
 +
==Version 1 Prototype==
 +
Manufactured March 2019
 +
 +
==Version 2 Prototype==
 +
Manufactured October 2019
 +
 +
==Version 3 Prototype==
 +
To be manufactured.
 +
 +
Changes:
 +
* Frontplate V6 updated: Lens Pin Hole moved, 4x M3 -> M2 for Interface and sensor board attachment. requires 4x M2x14 socket screw + 4x M2x5mm spacer
 +
* 4x PCB Holding Bracket replaces spacers, 4x M3x35 Socket screws required
  
====Open TODOs:====
+
==Open TODOs:==
 
'''done:'''
 
'''done:'''
 
* calculate thermal expansion of lens assembly: according to https://goodcalculators.com/thermal-expansion-calculator/ and an aluminum lens mount assembly from sensor to bayonet of 19.4mm the thermal expansion of 25°C temperature difference is 0.01mm so can be considered negligible.
 
* calculate thermal expansion of lens assembly: according to https://goodcalculators.com/thermal-expansion-calculator/ and an aluminum lens mount assembly from sensor to bayonet of 19.4mm the thermal expansion of 25°C temperature difference is 0.01mm so can be considered negligible.
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'''low priority:'''
 
'''low priority:'''
* design rod support base (optional, low priority at the moment)
 
 
* Air Filter related decisions at top and bottom - separate evaluation/measurement device design finished
 
* Air Filter related decisions at top and bottom - separate evaluation/measurement device design finished
  
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* top handle: 1/4" and 3/8" at the front should have more spacing
 
* top handle: 1/4" and 3/8" at the front should have more spacing
 
* top handle: increase rod clamp gap size
 
* top handle: increase rod clamp gap size
* design HDMI connector clamp
 
* design microphone holder
 
  
====Power Button Plate====
+
==Power Button Plate==
 
The AXIOM Compact is meant to feature a power on /off button and an RGB status LED indicating operation/status (eg. green powered on, orange = sleep mode or powering on/off, red = error, etc.). This part is an inlay for the AXIOM Beta Compact Top Cap.
 
The AXIOM Compact is meant to feature a power on /off button and an RGB status LED indicating operation/status (eg. green powered on, orange = sleep mode or powering on/off, red = error, etc.). This part is an inlay for the AXIOM Beta Compact Top Cap.
  
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There are 4mm of space between the PCB fixture and the metal plate.
 
There are 4mm of space between the PCB fixture and the metal plate.
  
====Power Converter Board====
+
==Power Converter Board==
  
 
As we need up to 12V supply for the central fan we need to switch from a 5V to a 12V supply and add a voltage conversion board that also down-converts to 5V for the internal Beta hardware. This board will be screwed to the "Plugin Holder" part at the back of the inside of the AXIOM Beta Compact enclosure. There will be a cable going to the Power Button PCB, another cable going to the Power Board and a connector to plug in the fan and the metal barrel jack.
 
As we need up to 12V supply for the central fan we need to switch from a 5V to a 12V supply and add a voltage conversion board that also down-converts to 5V for the internal Beta hardware. This board will be screwed to the "Plugin Holder" part at the back of the inside of the AXIOM Beta Compact enclosure. There will be a cable going to the Power Button PCB, another cable going to the Power Board and a connector to plug in the fan and the metal barrel jack.
Line 220: Line 230:
 
[[File:Abcp-power-jack.jpg  | 1150px]]
 
[[File:Abcp-power-jack.jpg  | 1150px]]
  
==== E mount FFD verification ====
+
==E mount FFD verification==
 
Version 1 Enclosure:
 
Version 1 Enclosure:
  
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* shimming should account for 0.15mm in the FFD
 
* shimming should account for 0.15mm in the FFD
  
==== Cooling and Airflow ====
+
==Cooling and Airflow==
 
At the top of the AXIOM Beta Compact enclosure in the "Cap Top" part there is a 60x60x10mm fan. By using a larger fan we can spin it slower which makes it more silent in operation. Pulling air in and pushing it out (with the fan at the exit) is in general a more silent approach then pushing the air in at an entrance. The fan pushes hot air out at the top. The air enters the enclosure at the bottom ventilation holes and flows through the electronics. As heat rises this natural motion is supported by the fan.
 
At the top of the AXIOM Beta Compact enclosure in the "Cap Top" part there is a 60x60x10mm fan. By using a larger fan we can spin it slower which makes it more silent in operation. Pulling air in and pushing it out (with the fan at the exit) is in general a more silent approach then pushing the air in at an entrance. The fan pushes hot air out at the top. The air enters the enclosure at the bottom ventilation holes and flows through the electronics. As heat rises this natural motion is supported by the fan.
  
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Heatsink elements should be anodized according to https://www.gabrian.com/anodized-aluminum-heatsinks-what-you-need-to-know/ as this increases the surface emissivity.
 
Heatsink elements should be anodized according to https://www.gabrian.com/anodized-aluminum-heatsinks-what-you-need-to-know/ as this increases the surface emissivity.
  
====Filter Holders====
+
==Filter Holders==
  
 
The default stack now contains two optical filter holders:
 
The default stack now contains two optical filter holders:
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The filter holder incorporates a rubber gasket ring with 1.5mm thickness and 58mm outer diameter, 55mm inner diameter corresponding to a ring length of 177.5mm. (eg. https://www.ebay.com/itm/10x-Metric-Nitrile-Rubber-NBR-O-Ring-Seals-Washers-Cross-Section-1-5mm-OD-5-80mm/173895045434) This gasket seals the holder towards the image sensor side.
 
The filter holder incorporates a rubber gasket ring with 1.5mm thickness and 58mm outer diameter, 55mm inner diameter corresponding to a ring length of 177.5mm. (eg. https://www.ebay.com/itm/10x-Metric-Nitrile-Rubber-NBR-O-Ring-Seals-Washers-Cross-Section-1-5mm-OD-5-80mm/173895045434) This gasket seals the holder towards the image sensor side.
  
====IR/UV Cut-off Filter====
+
==IR/UV Cut-off Filter==
  
 
The visible spectrum that humans can see ranges from 380 - 750 nm.
 
The visible spectrum that humans can see ranges from 380 - 750 nm.
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UQG Optics offer 40x40x1.1mm UV/IR Cut off filters with 400 - 690nm bandpass
 
UQG Optics offer 40x40x1.1mm UV/IR Cut off filters with 400 - 690nm bandpass
  
====Thread Inserts====
+
==Thread Inserts==
  
 
We decided to use thread inserts for all external attachment points (1/4" and 3/8") instead of cutting threads into the aluminum directly. This is a bit more expensive but the threads are stronger, easier to replace in case any of them wear or get damaged over time so its better for repair-ability. We opted for steel helicoils as thread inserts.
 
We decided to use thread inserts for all external attachment points (1/4" and 3/8") instead of cutting threads into the aluminum directly. This is a bit more expensive but the threads are stronger, easier to replace in case any of them wear or get damaged over time so its better for repair-ability. We opted for steel helicoils as thread inserts.
  
  
====AXIOM Shell====
+
==AXIOM Shell==
 
features this [https://camvate.en.alibaba.com/product/60759856560-806884690/2018_Aluminum_Alloy_hot_shoe_mount_adapter_with_1_4_20_Thread.html cold shoe].
 
features this [https://camvate.en.alibaba.com/product/60759856560-806884690/2018_Aluminum_Alloy_hot_shoe_mount_adapter_with_1_4_20_Thread.html cold shoe].
  
====Extended Plugin Module Cartridge====
+
==Extended Plugin Module Cartridge==
 
Plugin Modules can be any length, for this concept a flexible way to enclose the PCB is required. The following concept is a 2 part assembly:
 
Plugin Modules can be any length, for this concept a flexible way to enclose the PCB is required. The following concept is a 2 part assembly:
  
Line 304: Line 314:
 
[[File:Plugin_module_cartridge_03.jpg]]
 
[[File:Plugin_module_cartridge_03.jpg]]
  
===Enclosures and Temperatures===
+
=Enclosures and Temperatures=
  
 
In a closed case it's all about the air flow,  so you need to carefully consider where the air enters and leaves the case. Ventilating out through holes above the fan is recommended. It's best to make a sort of wind-tunnel effect if you like. If you simply put a few 'holes' at the back and have a gap between fan and case, the hot air will mostly circulate inside the case, which is not what you want.  
 
In a closed case it's all about the air flow,  so you need to carefully consider where the air enters and leaves the case. Ventilating out through holes above the fan is recommended. It's best to make a sort of wind-tunnel effect if you like. If you simply put a few 'holes' at the back and have a gap between fan and case, the hot air will mostly circulate inside the case, which is not what you want.  
Line 331: Line 341:
  
  
===General Enclosure Design Topics===
+
=General Enclosure Design Topics=
  
 
From Labs:
 
From Labs:
Line 347: Line 357:
  
  
===Legacy===
+
=Legacy=
  
 
[[Body Design Options]]
 
[[Body Design Options]]

Latest revision as of 07:01, 20 July 2020

There are several AXIOM Beta enclosure variants, some are finished and available and some are still in development. The AXIOM Beta Developer Kit (ABDK) has a skeleton framework instead of an enclosure allowing easy access to the electronics but at the same time providing a strong and solid link between hardware, lens mount and tripod mount base. This is great for developers and in lab conditions and there are several sub-projects that focus on adding a protective enclosure (shell) around this skeleton.

1 Distance between Image Sensor and first PCB

Note: There are two versions of the Image Sensor Frontend with differing image sensor to PCB distances.

ZIF option left, THT option right:

Axiom-beta-image-sensor-distances.png

2 Skeleton Framework

The AXIOM beta Skeleton frame consists of the following components; Footplate, Skeleton, E-Mount lens tube and M3 threaded rods that hold the PCB Stack in place.


10-DKSF Stack- ABDK Skeleton Frame.png

2.1 Mechanical Assembly

Skeleton and Footplate are attached to each other with 2x tapered M3x12 - M3x16 screws.

Nylon spacers, washers and nuts are used on the M3 threaded rods to hold the PCBs in the correct distances.


ABTDSMt01 SpacerMeasurements THTSFE.png

Spacers for ZIF Version (front to back): washer, nut, 15mm spacer, washer, Main Board

M3 rod cut lengths:

  • AXIOM Beta ZIF: 2x 69mm + 2x 47mm
  • AXIOM Beta THT: 2x 66mm + 2x 44mm

See Parts

2.2 Dimensions

Height Width Length Weight
AXIOM Beta Skeleton Frame 65.1mm 111.76mm 9mm 47.9g
Skeleton Footplate 45mm 30mm 8mm 27.9g
E-mount Lens Tube NA 61mm diameter NA 28g
AXIOM Beta Developer Kit (board stack, footplate, lens tube & skeleton enclosure) 65.1mm 111.76mm 74mm 319g

3 Simple Enclosure

The Simple Enclosure provides a basic "skin" around the camera's electronics and CNC milled metal skeleton framework parts. The Simple Enclosure is designed in a way that can be produced with any consumer 3d printer. The design is not finished yet, please help finish and test it.

CAD Onshape project.

4 Transparent Enclosure

A transparent enclosure is useful for demonstrating the camera's printed circuit boards and monitoring of the camera's status LEDs. The design is made so it can be laser-cut with 3mm thick acrylic glass. Acrylic glass comes in many variations and colors and could also be used to print label text on the exterior. The acrylic sheets are designed to be installed around the camera's electronics and CNC milled metal skeleton framework parts.


Simple transparent enclosure for the AXIOM Beta, version 0.2.


Beta-simple-transparent-enclosure v0.2.svg



Key : Black => to be cut ; Red => to be engraved ; Green => comments (not to be cut or engraved)

Open and edit the above image with Inkscape or similar.



Lase Cut Clear 03 sm b.jpg

Note: There may be scope for improvement by making the case slightly bigger (few mm wider for the front and back side), so that the HDMI cable can fit nicely in the enclosure (and you don't need to shave some plastic off the cable). If you make any alterations please update this page with modifications accordingly.

The transparent enclosure has been designed for the ZIF (CPU Socket) variant of the Sensor Frontend.

4.1 Heat Dissipation

Tests have shown that this transparent enclosure makes the Zynq on the Microzed prone to overheating (due to a lack of air circulation) which creates general erratic camera behaviour. Other parts in the camera can get too hot as well of course. A newer design with a larger fan on top of the enclosure has shown significant improvements in keeping the Zynq at a constant temperature.

"Case" is the above laser cut transparent enclosure
"Open" refers to the developer kit without enclosure
"Chimney" an intermediate design improvement attempt
"2xFan" a further improved design with a smaller fan on the microzed and a big fan at the top of the PCB stack
"final" the final improved design with a big fan at the top of the PCB stack but no fan on the microzed heatsink (see below)



In a closed case air flow is important and, in this case, ventilating out through holes above the fan is recommended. If you simply put a few 'holes' at the back and have a gap between a fan and the case then hot air will likely circulate inside the case, which is not what you want. Instead, it's good practice to make a 'wind-tunnel' effect, let's say.

It's also recommended to measure various temperatures on the camera and monitor them during use cases with and without case. See Temperature Sensors for more information.

To get a reading of Zync temperature:

$ ./zynq_info.sh will give you the zynq temp, 


To get a reading of Power Board temperature:

$ cat /sys/class/hwmon/hwmon0/temp[0-9]_input


To get a reading of the Sensor's temperature

$ cmv_reg 127 


The zynq will work relatively fine up to 85°C, although that is a little high for normal use. For the sensor, you want to keep temperature quite low, typically not more than a few degrees above room temperature, so adding holes or slits close to the sensor is a good idea.

Always keep in-take holes/slits at the bottom or at least bottom side, because it aids natural convection. As a rule of the thumb, for intake you want to have about 1.5-2x the area you have for the exhaust (in total, which is the inside area of the fan). If you have too little intake, the fan gets slowed down, if you have to much, cooling will be ineffective.

5 Transparent/3D Printed Enclosure

Improved version based on the transparent enclosure (above) whereby some of the enclosure sides are 3D printed instead of being laser cut. It adds a StarTech FAN6X1TX3 60x60x10mm at top of enclosure which solves the above mentioned heat dissipation issues.



Instructions:

  1. Laser cut acrylic sheets as defined in axiombetatransparentplot.top60x60fan.svg (all plates, except the "top" and the back side).
  2. 3D print the 2 STL files.
  3. Assemble.
  4. Affix StarTech FAN6X1TX3 60x60x10mm cooler fan to the top plate and connect to fan connector on the Microzed .
  5. Each of the enclosure'opposite plates are to be held together by one or more Φ 3 mm threaded rods together with corresponding nuts (locknuts can be considered for this application - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Locknut - but have not been tested yet) mounted on the exterior on each side. For the back and the front plate the rods are the same four that hold together the PCBs and the skeleton mount, albeit longer ones will be required (min 7.7 cm). For the left and right plate there the current implementation requires only one Φ 3 mm threaded rod of aprox 15 mm in length. In the current version the holes for the threaded rod in the top and bottom plate require adjustments & are misaligned, but it will be fixed in the next version (however, tests show that the enclosure holds together just fine with just the left-right & front-back rods). No shock/vibration tests have been run on it, so consider this unexplored space.


Download: File:Transparent-3d-print-enclosure.zip

6 AXIOM Beta Compact Enclosure

The AXIOM Beta Compact is designed to be CNC milled from aluminum and then ceramic coated or anodized

Design still in progress - not finished yet.

All dimensions are in millimeter.

Labels/logos will be pad printed.

For detailed specifications and part numbers for individual components see 10-Enclosures and Associated Mechanical Parts

10-CEEM Stack- ABCP Enclosure E-Mount.jpg

Latest designs are in this Onshape 3D CAD project.

(Onshape is a CAD design software that's entirely browser based - good for collaboration in an open source project. Also they made it free as long as you only need public designs, which are what an open source project is about).

6.1 Version 1 Prototype

Manufactured March 2019

6.2 Version 2 Prototype

Manufactured October 2019

6.3 Version 3 Prototype

To be manufactured.

Changes:

  • Frontplate V6 updated: Lens Pin Hole moved, 4x M3 -> M2 for Interface and sensor board attachment. requires 4x M2x14 socket screw + 4x M2x5mm spacer
  • 4x PCB Holding Bracket replaces spacers, 4x M3x35 Socket screws required

6.4 Open TODOs:

done:


low priority:

  • Air Filter related decisions at top and bottom - separate evaluation/measurement device design finished


high priority:

  • prototype side plates when image sensor to Sensor Board distance is set/measured
  • top handle: rod knob scratches metal
  • top handle: 1/4" and 3/8" also at the back
  • top handle: 1/4" and 3/8" at the front should have more spacing
  • top handle: increase rod clamp gap size

6.5 Power Button Plate

The AXIOM Compact is meant to feature a power on /off button and an RGB status LED indicating operation/status (eg. green powered on, orange = sleep mode or powering on/off, red = error, etc.). This part is an inlay for the AXIOM Beta Compact Top Cap.

Power button plate.jpg

A PCB is meant to be screwed to the Power Button Plate with 3x M2 screws in a triangle (12mm appart):

Power button plate screws.jpg

There are 4mm of space between the PCB fixture and the metal plate.

6.6 Power Converter Board

As we need up to 12V supply for the central fan we need to switch from a 5V to a 12V supply and add a voltage conversion board that also down-converts to 5V for the internal Beta hardware. This board will be screwed to the "Plugin Holder" part at the back of the inside of the AXIOM Beta Compact enclosure. There will be a cable going to the Power Button PCB, another cable going to the Power Board and a connector to plug in the fan and the metal barrel jack.

PCB can be up to 55mm high, length has no limitations (need to check microzed heatsink elements getting in the way of high components).

Power-converter-pcb.jpg


Metal Barrel Jack for Power Input:

Abcp-power-jack.jpg

6.7 E mount FFD verification

Version 1 Enclosure:

ABTDLnsFFD01 AXIOM Beta E-Mount FFD Verification.png


Version 2 Enclosure:

CP enclosure optical Path V2.jpg


Distance Notes:

  • Spring ring under bayonet: 0.3mm thickness
  • Sensor CMOS surface to outer front plate surface: Version 1: 6.75mm / Version 2: 4.75mm + 0.244mm (delta from cover glass)
  • every filter holder thickness should be 2mm + own filters delta (the assembly always requires two filter holders in place for the correct FFD)
  • shimming should account for 0.15mm in the FFD

6.8 Cooling and Airflow

At the top of the AXIOM Beta Compact enclosure in the "Cap Top" part there is a 60x60x10mm fan. By using a larger fan we can spin it slower which makes it more silent in operation. Pulling air in and pushing it out (with the fan at the exit) is in general a more silent approach then pushing the air in at an entrance. The fan pushes hot air out at the top. The air enters the enclosure at the bottom ventilation holes and flows through the electronics. As heat rises this natural motion is supported by the fan.


60x60fan-top-cap.jpg

Since there are many more 12V 60x60x10mm fans than 5V versions we are considering PWM with a voltage doubler circuit to go from 5V -> 10V.

The fan is held in place by 4x M3x5 socket head screws.

There is a thin layer of PVC with fine hole grid as filter between the fan and the aluminum.

Image sensor cooling is envisioned with a custom two part heatsink attached to the back of the image sensor with a heat conductive foam: a silicon rubber thermal pad with 0.5mm thickness, 5-6 W/mK is desired - eg. https://www.amazon.com/200x200x0-5mm-Conductivity-Conductive-Insulation-temperature/dp/B075JCQPD2 or https://www.ebay.de/itm/Arctic-0-5MM-Warmeleitpad-145x145mm-6W-mK-GPU-Gap-Filler-ThermalPad/121997756698 -"arctic" seems to be a common brand name

Heatsink elements should be anodized according to https://www.gabrian.com/anodized-aluminum-heatsinks-what-you-need-to-know/ as this increases the surface emissivity.

6.9 Filter Holders

The default stack now contains two optical filter holders:

  • 1x UV/IR cut off filter
  • 1x empty (to provide space for adding a second filter later on)

Each filter holder features two orientation pins to prevent being inserted in a wrong orientation. These orientation pins also act as shim holder.

Each filter holders thickness is 2mm by default plus the FFD delta as a result of the filter holders own filter thickness/density. So in reality an optical filter holder will be something like 2.15 or 2.34mm thick depending on the glas element it holds.

The filter holder incorporates a rubber gasket ring with 1.5mm thickness and 58mm outer diameter, 55mm inner diameter corresponding to a ring length of 177.5mm. (eg. https://www.ebay.com/itm/10x-Metric-Nitrile-Rubber-NBR-O-Ring-Seals-Washers-Cross-Section-1-5mm-OD-5-80mm/173895045434) This gasket seals the holder towards the image sensor side.

6.10 IR/UV Cut-off Filter

The visible spectrum that humans can see ranges from 380 - 750 nm.

Currently we are shipping Dev Kits with Haida Pro II MC Digital Slim UV / IR 390nm / 750nm filters.

Hoya filters offer a narrower band of 390 nm - 700 nm - will need to be tested how it impacts less red tones.

http://www.optics-online.com/IRC.asp?PN=IRC30-50x50 50x50mm for 39$ for sample (volume pricing likely lower and on request), 1.5mm thickness

UQG Optics offer 40x40x1.1mm UV/IR Cut off filters with 400 - 690nm bandpass

6.11 Thread Inserts

We decided to use thread inserts for all external attachment points (1/4" and 3/8") instead of cutting threads into the aluminum directly. This is a bit more expensive but the threads are stronger, easier to replace in case any of them wear or get damaged over time so its better for repair-ability. We opted for steel helicoils as thread inserts.


6.12 AXIOM Shell

features this cold shoe.

6.13 Extended Plugin Module Cartridge

Plugin Modules can be any length, for this concept a flexible way to enclose the PCB is required. The following concept is a 2 part assembly:

Plugin module cartridge 01.jpg

To make space for the cartridge walls plugin module PCBs that shall fit into this extended cartridge need to be a bit less high (max: 26.575mm).

Plugin module cartridge 02.jpg

Further requirements for the PCB so it will fit inside this cartridge enclosure:

  • component height on bottom side is limited to 3mm
  • component height on top side is limited to 7.5mm

Example of a 60mm long cartridge installed in CP enclosure top slot and HDMI (normal length) Plugin Module installed in bottom slot.:

Plugin module cartridge 03.jpg

7 Enclosures and Temperatures

In a closed case it's all about the air flow, so you need to carefully consider where the air enters and leaves the case. Ventilating out through holes above the fan is recommended. It's best to make a sort of wind-tunnel effect if you like. If you simply put a few 'holes' at the back and have a gap between fan and case, the hot air will mostly circulate inside the case, which is not what you want.

It's also recommended to measure various temperatures on the camera and monitor them during use with and without case.

./zynq_info.sh 

... will give you the zynq temp,


cat /sys/class/hwmon/hwmon0/temp[0-9]_input 

... will give you power board temp


cmv_reg 127 

... will give the temperature of the sensor.


The zynq will work relatively fine up to 90°C, although that is a little high for normal use. For the sensor you want to keep temperature quite low - typically not more than a few degrees above room temperature, so adding holes or slits close to the sensor is a good idea.

Always keep in-take holes/slits at the bottom or at least bottom side, because it aids natural convection. As a rule of the thumb, for intake you want to have about 1.5-2x the area you have for the exhaust (in total, which is the inside area of the fan). If you have too little intake, the fan gets slowed down, if you have to much, cooling will be ineffective.


8 General Enclosure Design Topics

From Labs:

Weatherproof Enclosure

Axiom Beta new enclosure and labeling

Select Enclosure Feet

AXIOM Beta Workboard




9 Legacy

Body Design Options

Cooling

Switchable ND Filters not planned currently